PATENT Electroactive Nanofluid Flow Cells

Graphene-based Electroactive Nanofluids for Energy Storage

Researchers from the Spanish National Research Council at the Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia- CIN2 (CSIC) and the Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2) have recently developed a novel type of nanocarbon-based fluids for energy storage in flow cells. They can be used for a wide range of systems that require high power and medium energy densities such as distributed and smart grid applications, stand-alone power systems, load leveling, uninterruptible power supply, etc. The technology has been proved as a prototype and shows high performance, fast charge-discharge and efficient cyclability (98% after 1.500 cycles).

Industrial partners are being sought to collaborate and/or exploit the existing know-how through a patent license agreement.

Leaflet IG_045_EP201530693-PedroGómez

High performance flow supercapacitor

Energy storage is in the midst of a revolutionary change which will turn it into a key factor within the upcoming sustainable energy model. Among Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems (EES), redox flow batteries are considered the strongest technology to tackle higher-power applications at a low cost. Their feasible design makes it suitable for their use a wide range of systems that require high power and medium energy densities such us distributed and smart grid applications, However, the limited solubility of electroactive solutions hinders their energy density.

Electroactive Nanofluids (ENFs) can provide a higher concentration of active material and higher energy density. Also capacitive nanocarbon provides a fast energy storage mechanism.

The novel nanocarbon-based fluids are based on dispersions of electroactive nanoparticles in an electrolytic solution that makes it suitable for fast electrical energy storage in flow cells with high-power storage comparable to state-of-the-art supercapacitors plus increased energy density (10KW/Kg; 100 Wh/Kg).

Main advantages and applications

The novel storage technology can be used in systems that require high power and medium Energy densities such as distributed and smart grid applications, stand-alone power systems, load balancers, uninterruptible power supply UPSs, as well as in ones that demand a fast and refuelling recharge like flow cells batteries, automobiles, etc.

The main advantages are:

  • High Performance (170 F/g(C)),13 Wh/Kg(C)
  • Faster charge/discharge than conventional batteries 450W/kg (C) and high lifetime.
  • Efficient cyclability (98% after 1.500 cycles).
  • Low cost and highly stable electroactive nanofluids.
  • Easily scalable and modular

Patent Status
European Priority Patent.

For further information please contact
Isabel Gavilanes-Pérez, PhD.
Deputy Vice-Presidency for
Knowledge Transfer, CSIC.
Tel.: +34 – 93 594 77 00
Fax: +34 – 93 580 14 96


TECNOSFERA.  Canal Youtube de Divulgación CientíficaYoutube Channel on cultural and technological evolution (in Spanish)

CIENCIATECA.COM a 1.0 popular science site with great contents

cienciateca_thumbWe are working on a 2.0 site. But in the meanwhile you can browse its great contents.



Graphene @  TEDx conference

“All their is inside a pencil” A TEDx conference in Peralada (Girona) by Pedro Gomez-Romero (English)

lapiz Quino


Nanociencia para la Energía.  El futuro de la Energía se escribe con tecnología pequeña (Español)

Publicado el 8 jul. 2014

Entrevista de Luis Quevedo a Pedro Gómez-Romero del ICN2 [Institut Català de Nanociències i Nanotecnologia, en Barcelona]. Pedro Gómez-Romero nos habla sobre su trabajo en nanomateriales para almacenamiento y conversión de energía y  el futuro de la red eléctrica transformada en “smart grid”.

Pint of Science. Power to the People. Vatios para una vida mejor.

Monday , May 18 2015, at the BlackLab bar in Barcelona.  Pedro Gomez-Romero “Power to the People. Vatios para una vida mejor”

Esta pinta de conocimiento compartido va de energía. La energía que mantiene en marcha nuestra sociedad de Primer Mundo y tres cuartos. La que llevamos un siglo malgastando apalancados en un modelo insostenible de generación y consumo. Pero también es un brindis por el modelo que viene. Que ya está aquí, aunque esté por hacer. Un modelo energético más sostenible en el que va a cambiar (está cambiando) la forma de generar, distribuir, almacenar, gestionar y consumir la energía. Por una vida mejor.

¿Cómo serán los coches del futuro? Entrevista tras la conferencia “Energía verde para un Planeta azul”.

26 Febrero 2014



New industrial methods for the preparation of high-quality graphene in large amounts

We arGraphene_thumbe not into making the finest square centimeter of graphene. Neither we are into making the oxidized stuff (although we know how to prepare it). We make large amounts of high-quality graphene (no oxygen) through our own fabrication method.


Nanofluids are HOT

nanofluids_thumbHeat Transfer Fluids (HTFs) have shown they are great at transferring heat at low temperatures. We want to understand why and we want them working at high temperatures for boosting thermal solar energy.


SupercapBatteries. Hybrid Supercapacitors made of hybrid electrodes for hybrid energy storage.

We worsupercapbatteries_thumbk on batteries (great energy, poor power), we work on supercapacitors (great power, poor energy). Now we also work on hybridizing them to get extra energy density while keeping high power.

NEW REVIEW: Hybrid Energy Storage. The merging of battery and supercapacitor chemistries. D.P. Dubal, O. Ayyad, V. Ruiz, and P. Gomez-Romero* Chemical Society Reviews, 2015, 44, 1777.   DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00266K

Micro-Supercapacitors with Silicon NanoWires

Nanowires Si MnO2_thumbA collaborative European project (NEST; Nanowire Energy Storage) integrating knowledge, integrating Europe.

NEW. European Patent: “Electrode material comprising silicon nanowires covered by a Mesoporous oxide nanostructured coating and salt-doped ionic liquid electrolytes for energy storage device”. Pedro Gómez-Romero, Deepak P. Dubal, David Aradilla, Gerard Bidan (CSIC, CEA). Solicitud de Patente Europea 15158311,   9-03-2015

New flow cell concepts for fast energy storage.

The ideENFs Graphene DL_thumba is storing fluids with high energy density in large tanks externally to the electrochemical reactor that we have always called battery. This type of liquid storage is bound to obliterate the word “intermittent“ out of renewable energies and even end up fueling our not-so-far-ahead future electric cars. Our novel materials provide fast charge-discharge processes. Patent Pending

Journal Articles



Impact of Battery Energy System Integration in Frequency Control of an Electrical Grid with Wind Power. Anukriti Pokhriyal*, José Luis Domínguez-García*, and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Clean Technol., 2022, 4, 972–986.

Energy harvesting in the course of acid solution neutralization. Tainá Ferreira, B., Rueda-García, D., Gómez-Romero, P., Huguenin, F.*. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2022, 927, 116957.

Polyoxometalate intercalated MXene with enhanced electrochemical stability. Zhu, J.-J., Gomez-Romero, P.*. Nanoscale, 2022, 14, 14921-14934.

Facile preparation of glycine-based mesoporous graphitic carbons with embedded cobalt nanoparticles. W. Wang, A.Y. Tesio, M. Olivares-Marín, P. Gómez Romero, D. Tonti*. J. of Materials Science, 2022, 57(28), 13403–13413.

Controlling the electrochemical hydrogen generation and storage in graphene oxide by in-situ Raman spectroscopy. Adrián Pinilla Sánchez; Emigdio Chávez-Angel; Sebastián Murcia-López; Nina M. Carretero; Sidney M. Palardonio; P. Xiao; Daniel Rueda-García; Clivia M. Sotomayor Torres; Pedro Gómez-Romero; Jordi Martorell; Carles Ros*. Carbon, 2022, 200, 227-235.

Rational design of MXene/Activated carbon/Polyoxometalates triple hybrid electrodes with enhanced capacitance for organic-electrolyte supercapacitors. Jun-Jie Zhu*, Hemesh Avireddy, Jordi Jacas-Biendicho, Luis Martinez-Soria, Belen Ballesteros, Daniel Rueda-Garcia, Joan Ramon Morante, Pedro Gomez-Romero*. Colloid and Interface Science, 2022, 623, 947–961.

Coherent Integration of Organic Gel Polymer Electrolyte and Ambipolar Polyoxometalate Hybrid Nanocomposite Electrode in a Compact High-Performance Supercapacitor. Zhu, J.-J., Martinez-Soria, L.Gomez-Romero, P. Nanomaterials, 2022, 12(3), 514.

Dramatic Drop in Cell Resistance through Induced Dipoles and Bipolar Electrochemistry. Fuentes-Rodríguez, L., Abad, L., Pujades, E., Gomez-Romero P., Tonti, D., Casan-Pastor, N. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2022, 169(1), 016508.


Polyoxometalates (POMs): from Electroactive Clusters to Energy Materials. Michael Horn, Amandeep Singh, Suaad Alomari, Sara Goberna-Ferrón, Raúl Benages-Vilau, Nilesh Rajaram Chodankar, Nunzio Motta, Kostya Ostrikov, Jennifer MacLeod, Prashant Murlidhar Sonar, Pedro Gomez-Romero and Deepak P. Dubal. Energy Environ. Sci., 2021, 14, 1652-1700.

Sheet-on-sheet like calcium ferrite and graphene nanoplatelets nanocomposite: A multifunctional nanocomposite for high-performance supercapacitor and visible light driven photocatalysis. M Israr, Javed Iqbal, Aqsa Arshad, P Gómez‐Romero. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 2021, 293, 121646.

Optimisation of NiO electrodeposition on 3D graphene electrode for electrochemical energy storage using response surface methodology. Agudosi, E.S., Abdullah, E.C., Numan, A., …Aid, S.R., Omar, N. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2021, 882, 114992.


Graphene Triggered Enhancement in Visible-Light Active Photocatalysis as well as in Energy Storage Capacity of (CFO)1-x(GNPs)x Nanocomposites. M Israr, J. Iqbal, A. Arshad; M. Rani; P Gómez‐Romero; R Benages. Ceramics International, 2020, 46(3), 2630-39.

Fabrication of 3D binder-free graphene NiO electrode for highly stable supercapattery. Elochukwu Stephen Agudosi, Ezzat Chan Abdullah, Arshid Numan, Nabisab Mujawar Mubarak, Siti Rahmah Aid, Raúl Benages-Vilau, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Mohammad Khalid, Nurizan Omar. Scientific Reports, 2020, 10(1).

Can polyoxometalates enhance the capacitance and energy density of activated carbon in organic electrolyte supercapacitors? Jun-Jie Zhu, Raul Benages-Vilau, Pedro Gomez-Romero*. Electrochimica Acta, 2020, 293, 137007.

Dual carbon potassium-ion capacitors: Biomass-derived graphenelike carbon nanosheet cathodes. Hong Duc Pham, Kiran Mahale, Thi My Linh Hoang, Sagadevan G. Mundree, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Deepak P. Dubal. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020, 12(43), 48518-48525.

Highly Loaded Mildly Edge-Oxidized Graphene Nanosheet Dispersions for Large-Scale Inkjet Printing of Electrochemical Sensors Bhawna Nagar, Milica Jović, Victor Costa Bassetto, Yingdi Zhu, Horst Pick, Pedro Gómez Romero, Arben Merkoçi, Hubert H. Girault and Andreas Lesch. ChemElectroChem, 2020, 7(2), 460-468.

Enhancement of organophosphate degradation by electroactive pyrrole and imidazole copolymers. Bruna M. Hryniewicz, Franciele Wolfart, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Elisa Orth* and Marcio Vidotti*. Electrochimica Acta, 2020, 338, 135842.

Multifunctional MgFe2O4/GNPs nanocomposite: Graphene-promoted visible light driven photocatalytic activity and electrochemical performance of MgFe2O4 nanoparticles. M. Israr, Javed Iqbal, Aqsa Arshad, P. Gómez‐Romero, R. Benages. Solid State Sciences, 2020, 110, 106363.


Polypyrrole Nanopipes as a promising cathode material for Li‐ion batteries and Li‐ion capacitors: Two‐in‐One Approach. Deepak Dubal, Ajay Jagadale, Nilesh Chodankar, Do-Heyoung Kim, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Rudolf Holze.  Energy Technology, 2019, 7(2), 193-200.

Fully Printed One-Step Biosensing Device Using Graphene/AuNPs Composite. Bhawna Nagar, Marc Balsells, Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Arben Merkoçi. Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 2019, 129, 238-244.

Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) derived Electrodes with Robust and Fast Lithium Storage for Li-Ion Hybrid Capacitors. D. P. Dubal, K. Jayaramulu, J. Sunil, S. Kment, P. Gómez-Romero, C. Narayana, R. Zboril and R. A. Fischer. Adv. Func. Mat., 2019, 29(19), 1900532.

Modification of the Raman spectra in graphene-based nanofluids and its correlation with thermal properties. María del Rocío Rodríguez-Laguna, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Clivia M. Sotomayor Torres, Emigdio Chavez-Angel  Nanomaterials, 2019, 9(5): 804.

Development of low-​melting point molten salts and detection of solid-​to-​liquid transitions by alternative techniques to DSC. María del Rocío Rodríguez-Laguna, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Clivia M. Sotomayor Torres, Ming-Chang Lu and Emigdio Chavez-Angel. Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 2019, 202, 110107.


REVIEW: Towards flexible solid-state supercapacitors for smart and wearable electronics. D. P. Dubal*, N.R. Chodankar, D-H. Kim and P. Gomez-Romero*. Chemical Society Reviews, 2018, 47(6), 2065-2129.

All Nanocarbon Li-Ion Capacitor with High Energy and High Power Densities. Deepak P. Dubal*, Pedro Gomez-Romero**. Materials Today Energy, 2018, 8, 109-117.

Ultrathin Hierarchical Porous Carbon Nanosheets for High-Performance Supercapacitors and Redox Electrolyte Energy Storage. Jayaramulu, K., Dubal, D.P., Nagar, B., Ranc, V., Tomanec, O., Petr, M., Datta, K.K.R., Zboril, R., Gómez-Romero* P., Fischer, R.A.*. Adv Mater 2018, 30(15),1705789.

Hybrid Graphene-Polyoxometalates Nanofluids as Liquid Electrodes for Dual Energy Storage in Novel Flow Cells. Deepak P. Dubal, Daniel Rueda-Garcia, Carlos Marchante, Raul Benages and Pedro Gomez-Romero* The Chem Record in press 2018, 18(7-8), 1076-1084.

Synthesis and Characterization of Porous Sulfur/MWCNTs Composites with Improved Performance and Safety as Cathodes for Li-S Batteries. Andrea Strakova Fedorkova*, Tomas Kazda, Katarina Gavalierova, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Elena Shembel. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 2018, 13(1), 551–562.

Unveiling BiVO4 Nanorods as a Novel Anode Material for High Performance Lithium Ion Capacitor: Beyond intercalation strategy. DP Dubal*, K. Jayaramulu, R. Zboril, R.A. Fischer, P Gomez-Romero*. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018, 6(14), 6096-6106.

Design and Fabrication of Printed Paper-Based Hybrid Micro-Supercapacitor by using Graphene and Redox-Active Electrolyte. Bhawna Nagar, Deepak P. Dubal, Luis Pires, Arben Merkoçi and Pedro Gómez- Romero*. ChemSusChem, 2018. 11(11):1849-1856.

Energy Harvesting from Neutralization Reactions with Saline Feedback. Gilberto Lima, Deepak P Dubal, Daniel Rueda-García, Pedro Gómez-Romero*, Fritz Huguenin*. Electrochimica Acta, 2018, 275, 145-154.

Battery and supercapacitor materials in flow cells. Electrochemical energy storage in a LiFePO4/reduced graphene oxide aqueous nanofluid. Daniel Rueda-Garcia, Zahilia Caban-Huertas, Sergi Sanchez-Ribot, Carlos Marchante, Raul Benages, Deepak P. Dubal, Omar Ayyad, Pedro Gómez-Romero*. Electrochimica Acta, 2018, 281, 594-600.

Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous FePO4 as positive electrode materials for lithium batteries. Amel Salamani, Abdallah Merrouche, Laid Telli, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Zahilia Caban Huertas. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 2018, 54(1), 55-63.

Mechanisms behind the enhancement of thermal properties of graphene nanofluids. M. R. Rodríguez-Laguna, A. Castro-Alvarez, M. Sledzinska, J. Maire, F. Costanzo, B. Ensing, M. Pruneda, P. Ordejón, C. M. Sotomayor-Torres, P. Gómez-Romero and E. Chávez-Ángel. Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 15402-15409.


Hurdles to organic quinone flow cells. Electrode passivation by quinone reduction in acetonitrile Li electrolytes. D. Rueda-García, D.P. Dubal, F. Hugenin, P. Gómez-Romero. Journal of Power Sources, 2017, 350, 9-17.

Capacitive vs Faradaic Energy Storage in a Hybrid Cell with LiFePO4/RGO Positive Electrode and Nanocarbon Negative Electrode. Cabán-Huertas, Zahilia; Dubal, Deepak P.; Ayyad, Omar; Gómez-Romero, Pedro. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2017, 164(1), 6140-6146.

Functionalization of Polypyrrole Nanopipes with Redox-Active Polyoxometalates for High Energy Density Supercapacitors. Deepak P. Dubal, Belén Ballesteros, Ashwini A. Mohite, Pedro Gómez-Romero. ChemSusChem, 2017,10(4), 731-737.

BiVO4 Fern Architectures: A Competitive Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Deepak P. Dubal, Deepak R. Patil, Santosh S. Patil, N. R. Munirathnam, Pedro Gomez-Romero. ChemSusChem, 2017, 10(21), 4163-4169.

Asymmetric Supercapacitors Based on Reduced Graphene Oxide with Different Polyoxometalates as Positive and Negative Electrodes. Deepak P Dubal, Nilesh R Chodankar, Ajayan Vinu, Do-Heyoung Kim, Pedro Gomez-Romero. ChemSusChem, 2017, 10(13), 2742-2750.

V2O5 encapsulated MWCNTs in 2D surface architecture: Complete solid-state bendable highly stabilized energy efficient supercapacitor device. Bidhan Pandit, Deepak P. Dubal, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Bharat B. Kale & Babasaheb R. Sankapal. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7(43430).

Ultrathin Mesoporous RuCo2O4 Nanoflakes: An Advanced Electrode for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors. Deepak P Dubal, Nilesh R Chodankar, Rudolf Holze, Do-Heyoung Kim, Pedro Gomez-Romero. ChemSusChem, 2017, 10(8), 1771-1782.

Ultrahigh energy density supercapacitors through a double hybrid strategy. Dubal, Deepak P; Nagar, Bhawna; Suarez-Guevara, Jullieth; Tonti, Dino; Enciso, Eduardo; Palomino Pablo; Gomez-Romero, Pedro. Materials Today Energy, 2017, 5, 58-65.

Direct electrodeposition of imidazole modified poly(pyrrole) copolymers: synthesis, characterization and supercapacitive properties. Franciele Wolfart, Bruna M. Hryniewicz, Luís F. Marchesi, Elisa S. Orth, Deepak P. Dubal, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Marcio Vidotti. Electrochimica Acta, 2017, 243, 260-269.

Nanostructured mixed transition metal oxides for high performance asymmetric supercapacitors: Facile synthetic strategy. Sanaz Tajik, Deepak P. Dubal, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Amir Yadegari, Alimorad Rashidi, Bahram Nasernejad, Inamuddin, Abdullah M. Asiri. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017, 42(17), 12384-12395.

Influence of texture in hybrid carbon-phosphomolybdic acid materials on their performance as electrodes in supercapacitors. Pablo Palomino, Jullieth Suarez-Guevara, Mara Olivares-Marín, Vanesa Ruiz, Deepak P. Dubal, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Dino Tonti, Eduardo Enciso. Carbon, 2017, 111, 74-82.

Mimics of microstructures of Ni substituted Mn1−xNixCo2O4 for high energy density asymmetric capacitors. Mohaseen S. Tamboli, Deepak P. Dubal, Santosh S. Patil, Asiya F. Shaikh, Virendrakumar G. Deonikar, Milind V. Kulkarni, Noormahamad N. Maldar, Inamuddin, Abdullah M. Asiri, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Bharat B. Kale, Deepak R. Patil. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2017, 307, 300-310.


Electrochemical supercapacitive properties of polypyrrole thin films: Influence of the electropolymerization methods. Franciele Wolfart, Deepak P. Dubal, Marcio Vidotti, Rudolf Holze, Pedro Gómez-Romero. J. of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2016, 20(4), 901-910.

Growth of polypyrrole nanostructures through reactive templates for energy storage applications. Deepak P. Dubal, Zahilia Caban-Huertas, Rudolf Holze, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Electrochimica Acta, 2016, 191, 346-354.

Hybrid core-shell nanostructured electrodes made of polypyrrole nanotubes coated with Ni(OH)2 nanoflakes for high energy-density supercapacitors. F. Wolfart, D.P. Dubal, M. Vidotti, P. Gomez-Romero. RSC Advances, 2016, 6(18), 15062-15070.

Synthetic approach from polypyrrole nanotubes to nitrogen doped pyrolyzed carbon nanotubes for asymmetric supercapacitors. Deepak P. Dubal, Nilesh R. Chodankar, Zahilia Caban-Huertas, Franciele Wolfart, Marcio Vidotti, Rudolf Holze, Chandrakant D. Lokhande, Pedro Gomez-Romero. Journal of Power Sources 2016, 308, 158-165.

Aqueous synthesis of LiFePO4 with Fractal Granularity. Zahilia Caban-Huertas, Omar Ayyad, Deepak P. Dubal, Pedro Gomez-Romero*. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6(27024).

Fern-​like rGO​/BiVO4 Hybrid Nanostructures for High-​Energy Symmetric Supercapacitor. Patil, Santosh S.; Dubal, Deepak P.; Deonikar, Virendrakumar G.; Tamboli, Mohaseen S.; Ambekar, Jalindar D.; Gomez-Romero, Pedro; Kolekar, Sanjay S.; Kale, Bharat B.; Patil, Deepak R. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2016, 8(46), 31602-31610.

Electroactive Graphene Nanofluids for Fast Energy Storage. Deepak P. Dubal and Pedro Gomez-Romero. 2D-Materials, 2016, 3(3), 031004.

Asymmetric supercapacitor based on nanostructured Ce doped NiO (Ce:NiO) as cathode and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as anode. Swati R. Gawali, Deepak P. Dubal, Virendrakumar G. Deonikar, Santosh S. Patil, Seema D. Patil, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Deepak R. Patil* and Jayashree Pant*. ChemistrySelect, 2016, 1(13), 3471-3478.

Ag:BiVO4 Dendritic Hybrid-Architecture for High Energy Density Symmetric Supercapacitors. Santosh S. Patil, Deepak P. Dubal, Mohaseen S. Tamboli, Jalindar D. Ambekar,Sanjay S. Kolekar, Pedro Gomez-Romero,* Bharat B. Kale* and Deepak R. Patil. J.Mat. Chem. A, 2016, 4(20) 7580-7584.


3D hierarchical assembly of ultrathin MnO2 nanoflakes on silicon nanowires for high performance micro-supercapacitors in Li- doped ionic liquid. Deepak P. Dubal, David Aradilla, Gérard Bidan, Pascal Gentile, Thomas J. S. Schubert, Jan Wimberg, Saïd Sadki, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Scientific Reports, 2015, 5(9771).

A high voltage solid state symmetric supercapacitor based on graphene-polyoxometalate hybrid electrodes with a hydroquinone doped hybrid gel-electrolyte. Deepak P. Dubal, Jullieth Suarez-Guevara, Dino Tonti, Eduardo Enciso, Pedro Gomez-Romero. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015,3(46), 23483-23492.

Anchoring cobalt oxide nanoparticles on to the surface multiwalled carbon nanotubes for improved supercapacitive performances. Babasaheb R. Sankapal, Hemant B. Gajare, Swapnil S. Karade, Deepak P. Dubal. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(60), 48426-48432.

Effect of Mn:(CuO/Cu(OH)2) electrodes for supercapacitors application. Shailesh Nikam, Kiran Shinde, Deepak P. Dubal, Gojanan Ghodake, Haridas Dhaygude, Brahmanand Relekar, Gaurav Lohar, Vijay Fulari. Advanced Science Letters, 2015, 21(8), 2590-2593.

Electrochemical supercapacitive properties of polypyrrole thin films: influence of the electropolymerization methods. Franciele Wolfart, Deepak P. Dubal, Marcio Vidotti, Rudolf Holze, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2015, 20, 901-910.

Electrosynthesis of nanoflower like-ZnS thin films and its characterizationsH. D. Dhaygude, S. K. Shinde, D. P. Dubal, G. M. Lohar, V. J. Fulari. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2015, 26(11), 8563-8567.

Hierarchical 3D-flower-like CuO nanostructure on copper foil for supercapacitors. S. K. Shinde, D. P. Dubal, G. S. Ghodake, V. J. Fulari. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(6), 4443-4447.

Influence of Mn incorporation on the supercapacitive properties of hybrid CuO/Cu(OH)2 electrodes. Surendra K. Shinde, Deepak P. Dubal, Gajanan S. Ghodake, Pedro Gomez-Romero, Sungyeol Kim, Vijay J. Fulari. RSC Advances, 2015, 5(39), 30478-30484.

Ionically conducting PVA-LiClO4 gel electrolyte for high performance flexible solid state supercapacitors. Nilesh R. Chodankar, Deepak P. Dubal, Abhishek C. Lokhande, Chandrakant D. Lokhande. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2015, 460, 370-376.

Linker free synthesis of TiO2/Bi2S3 heterostructure towards solar cell application: Facile chemical routes. Salunkhe D.B., Dubal D.P., Sali J.V., Sankapal B.R. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 2015, 30.

Low-cost flexible supercapacitors with high-energy density based on nanostructured MnO2 and Fe2O3 thin films directly fabricated onto stainless steel. Gund G.S., Dubal D.P., Chodankar N.R., Cho J.Y., Gomez-Romero P., Park C., Lokhande C.D. Scientific Reports, 2015, 5(12454).

Room temperature linker free growth of CdSe quantum dots on mesoporous TiO2: Solar cell application. Salunkhe D.B., Dubal D.P., Sali J.V., Sankapal B.R. Ceramics International, 2015, 41(3), 3940-3946.

SiNWs-based electrochemical double layer micro-supercapacitors with wide voltage window (4V) and long cycling stability using a protic ionic liquid electrolyte. Aradilla D., Gentile P., Ruiz V., Gomez-Romero P., Wimberg J., Iliev B., Schubert T.J.S., Sadki S., Bidan G. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2015, 6(1, 15004).

Temperature dependence of cationic and anionic precursor on morphological improvement of CuO electrodes and its consequent effect on electrochemical supercapacitive properties. Shinde S.K., Dubal D.P., Ghodake G.S., Dhaygude H.D., Lohar G.M., Relekar B.P., Fulari V.J. Advanced Science Letters, 2015, 21(8), 2653-2656.

The influence of solvents and salts on the properties of high-voltage cathode materials. Kazda T., Vondrák J., Sedlaříková M., Gómez-Romero P., Musil M., Čudek P., Fedorková Straková A., Kašpárek V. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 2015, 10(8), 6288-6301.

Three-dimensional arrays of 1D MnO2 nanocrystals for all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors. Dubal D.P., Holze R., Gomez-Romero P. ChemPlusChem, 2015, 80(6), 944-951.


Development of hybrid materials based on sponge supported reduced graphene oxide and transition metal hydroxides for hybrid energy storage devices. D. P. Dubal, R. Holze, P. Gomez-Romero. Scientific reports, 2014, 4(7349).

Hybrid Energy Storage: High Voltage Aqueous Supercapacitors based on Activated Carbon / Phosphotungstate Hybrid Materials. J. Suárez-Guevara, V. Ruiz*, P. Gomez-Romero*. J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2(4), 1014-1021.

High performance of symmetric micro-supercapacitors based on silicon nanowires using N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide as electrolyte. D. Aradilla, P. Gentile, G. Bidan, V. Ruiz, P. Gómez-Romero, T. J. S. Schubert, H. Sahin, E. Frackowiak, S. Sadki. Nano Energy, 2014, 9, 273-281.

Stable graphene–polyoxometalate nanomaterials for application in hybrid supercapacitors. J. Suarez-Guevara, V. Ruiz, P. Gomez-Romero. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2014, 16(38) 20411-20414.

Novel hybrid micro-supercapacitor based on conducting polymer coated silicon nanowires for electrochemical energy storage. D. Aradilla, G. Bidan, P. Gentile, P. Weathers, F. Thissandier, V. Ruiz, P. Gomez-Romero, T. J. S. Schubert, H. Sahin, S. Sadki., RSC Advances, 2014, 4(50) 26462-26467.

Alcohol mediated growth of a-MnO2 thin films from KMnO4 precursor for high performance supercapacitors. N. R. Chodankar, G. S. Gund, D. P. Dubal, C. D. Lokhande. RSC Advances, 2014, 4, 61503-61513.

Nanoflower-like CuO/Cu(OH)2 hybrid thin films: Synthesis and electrochemical supercapacitive properties. S. K. Shinde, D. P. Dubal, G. S. Ghodake, D. Y. Kim, V. J. Fulari. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2014, 732, 80-85.

Screen Printed Asymmetric Supercapacitors based on LiCoO2 and Graphene Oxide. Ashish B. Dighe, Deepak P. Dubal, Rudolf Holze. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 2014, 640(4), 2852-2857.


Fractal porosity in metals synthesized by a simple combustion reaction. Pedro Gómez-Romero, Julio Fraile, Belen Ballesteros. RSC Adv., 2013, 3(7), 2351-2354.

Voltage dependence of carbon-based supercapacitors for pseudocapacitance quantification. V. Ruiz, S. Roldán, I. Villar, C. Blanco, R. Santamaría. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 2013, 95, 225-229.

Incorporation of benzimidazolium ionic liquid in proton exchange membranes ABPBI-H3PO4. Rubí Hernández Carrillo, Jullieth Suarez-Guevara, Luis Carlos Torres-Gonzále, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Eduardo M. Sánchez. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2013, 181, 115-120.


Hybrid Electrodes Based on Polyoxometalate-Carbon Materials for Electrochemical Supercapacitors. V. Ruiz, J. Suárez-Guevara, P. Gomez-Romero. Electrochemistry Communications, 2012, 24, 35-38.

Copper@Polypyrrole Nanocables. Jullieth Suárez-Guevara, Omar Ayyad, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Nanoscale Research Letters, 2012, 7(521), 1-6.

Ionic liquid-solvent mixtures as supercapacitor electrolytes for extreme temperature operation. V. Ruiz, T. Huynh, S. R. Sivakkumar, A. G. Pandolfo. RSC ADVANCES, 2012, 2(13), 5591-5598.


Pilas de Combustible de Membrana Polimérica (PEMFC). Juan Antonio Asensio, Juan Peña, D. Pérez Coll, Juan Carlos Ruiz-Morales, David Marrero López, Pedro Núñez, Belén Ballesteros, Pedro Gómez Romero, Salvador Borrós Gómez, Jesús Canales Vázquez. Artículo de Revisión para la revista, 2011, 68(554), 246-258.

Polydiphenylamine/carbon nanotube composites for applications in rechargeable lithium batteries. Mihaela Baibarac, Ioan Baltog, Serge Lefrant, Pedro Gomez-Romero. Materials Science & Engineering, B: Advanced Functional Solid-State Materials, 2011, 176(2), 110-120. 120.

Shaping Hybrid Nanostructures with Polymer Matrices: The Formation Mechanism of Silver-Polypyrrole Core/Shell Nanostructures. David Muñoz-Rojas, Judith Oró-Solé, Omar Ayyad, Pedro Gómez-Romero. J. Mat. Chem. 2011, 21(7), 2078-2086.

Role of Carbon Porosity and Ion Size in the Development of Ionic Liquid Based Supercapacitors. M. Lazzari, M. Mastragostino,a, A. G. Pandolfo, V. Ruiz, F. Soavia. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2011, 158(1), A22-A25.

Direct Synthesis of a Macroscopic Array of Naked Silver Nanoparticles. Omar Ayyad, David Muñoz-Rojas, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Chemical Communications, 2011, 47(40), 11285-11287.

Electrical and mechanical properties of poly (ethylene oxide)/intercalated clay polymer electrolyte. M. Moreno, R. Quijada, M.A. Santa Ana, E. Benavente, P. Gomez-Romero, and G. Gonzalez. Electrochimica Acta. 2011, 58, 112-118.


Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Benzimidazole Polymers for High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells. A Chemical Quest. Juan Antonio Asensio, Eduardo M. Sánchez, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Chemical Society Reviews, 2010, 39, 3210-3239.

Hybrid materials: From Child’s play to energy storage and conversión. P. Gomez-Romero, O. Ayyad, J. Suarez-Guevara and D. Muñoz-Rojas. J. Solid State Electrochem., 2010, 14, 1939-1945.

From silver nanoparticles to nanostructures through matrix chemistry. Omar Ayyad, David Muñoz-Rojas, Judith Oró-Solé and Pedro Gómez-Romero*. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2010, 12, 337-345.

Structural and Electrochemical Studies of PPy/PEG-LiFePO4 cathode Material for Li-Ion Batteries. A. Fedorkova, A. Nacher-Alejos, P. Gomez-Romero, R. Orinakova, D. Kaniansky. Electrochimica Acta. 2010, 55(3), 943-947.

Titanium dioxide/amine hybrid nanotubes. Optical properties and behavior as lithium-ion electrode. Vasquez, Z. Lopez, A. Zuniga, A. Nacher, M. Lira-Cantu, P. Gomez-Romero, M.A. Santa Ana, E. Benavente and G. Gonzalez. Electrochimica Acta, 2010, 55(4), 1373-1379.

Polyfluorinated boron cluster – [B12F11H]2- – based electrolytes for supercapacitors: Overcharge protection. C. M. Ionica-Bousquet, W.J. Casteel, R. Pearlstein, G. GirishKumar, G.P. Pez, P. Gómez-Romero, M.R. Palacín, D. Muñoz-Rojas. Electrochem. Commun. 2010 ,12(5), 636-639.

High-concentration compact agar gels from hydrothermal synthesis. O. Ayyad, D. Muñoz-Rojas, N. Agullo, S. Borrós and P. Gómez-Romero. Soft Matter, 2010, 6(11), 2389-2391.


High-Yield Preparation of Titanium Dioxide Nanostructures by Hydrothermal Conditions. Vasquez, H. Lozano, V. Lavayen, M. Lira-Cantu, P. Gomez-Romero, M. A. S. Ana, E. Benavente, G. Gonzalez, G. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2009, 9(2), 1103-1107.

Complementary microstructural and chemical analyses of Sepia officinalis endoskeleton. Marek Florek, Emilia Fornal, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Emil Zieba, Wojciech Paszkowicz, Janusz Lekki, Jakub Nowak, Andrzej Kuczumow. Materials Science and Engineering C, 2009, 29(4), 1220–1226.

Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) Studies on Poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (PEDOT/SWNTs) Composites and Their Application to Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. I. Baltog, M. Baibarac, S. Lefrant, P. Gomez-Romero. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2009, 9(10), 6204-6209.

Spontaneous Self-Assembly of Cu2O@PPy Nanowires and Anisotropic Crystals. D. Muñoz-Rojas, J. Oro-Sole and P. Gomez-Romero. Chem. Commun., 2009, (39), 5913-5915.


Facile One-pot Synthesis of Self-Assembled Ag@Polypyrrole Core-Shell. D. Muñoz-Rojas, J. Oro-Sole, O. Ayyad and P. Gomez-Romero. Small, 2008, 4(9), 1301-1306.

From nanosnakes to nanosheets: a matrix-mediated shape evolution. David Muñoz-Rojas, Judith Oró-Solé and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Phys. Chem. C., 2008, 112(51), 20312-20318.


Improvement in the Ppy/V2O5 hybrid as a cathode material for Li Ion batteries using PSA as an organic additive. I. Boyano, M. Bengoechea, I. de Meatza, O. Miguel, I. Cantero, E. Ochoteco, J. Rodriguez. M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gomez-Romero. J. Power Sources, 2007, 166(2), 471-477.

Spectroscopic evidence for the bulk polymerization of N-vinyl carbazole in the presence of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Mihaela Baibarac, Ioan Baltog, Serge Lefrant, Pedro Gomez-Romero. Polymer 2007, 48(18), 5279-5288.

Fe-Substituted (La,Sr)TiO3 as Potential Electrodes For Symmetrical Fuel Cells (SFCs). Jesus Canales-Vazquez, Juan Carlos Ruiz-Morales, David Marrero-López, Juan Peña-Martínez, Pedro Núñez, Pedro Gómez-Romero. J. Power Sources 2007, 171, 552-557.

Electrochemical behavior of lithium intercalated in a molybdenum disulfide-crown ether nanocomposite. A. Santa Ana, N. Mirabal, E. Benavente, P. Gomez-Romero, G. Gonzalez. Electrochimica Acta 2007, 53(4), 1432-1438.

Poly(N-vinyl carbazole) and carbon nanotubes based composites and their application to rechargeable lithium batteries. M. Baibarac, M. Lira-Cantu, J. Oró-Solé, I. Baltog, N. Casan-Pastor, P. Gomez-Romero. Composites Science and Technology, 2007, 67(11-12), 2556-2563.

Electrochemical Supercapacitors based on Novel Hybrid Materials made of Carbon Nanotubes and Polyoxometalates. A. Karina Cuentas-Gallegos, R. Martínez-Rosales, M. Baibarac, P. Gómez-Romero, M. E. Rincón. Electrochem. Comm., 2007, 9(8), 2088-2092.

Influence of acids in the Ppy/V2O5 hybrid synthesis and performance as a cathode material. I. Boyano, M. Bengoechea, I. de Meatza, O. Miguel, I. Cantero, E. Ochoteco, H. Grande, M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gomez-Romero. J. Power Sources, 2007, 174(2), 1206-1211.


Nanocomposites based on conducting polymers and carbon nanotubes: From fancy materials to functional applications. (Review Article). Mihaela Baibarac and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2006, 6(2), 289-302.

Pilas de Combustible I.(Review Article). Juan Carlos Ruiz-Morales, Juan Peña-Martínez, David Marrero-López, Domingo Pérez-Coll, Pedro Núñez Coello, Jesús Canales-Vázquez, Belén Ballesteros Pérez, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Artículo de Revisión para la revista “Anales de Química” 2006, 102(3), 22-30.

Pilas de Combustible de Óxidos Sólidos (SOFC). (Review Article). Juan Carlos Ruiz-Morales, Juan Peña-Martínez, David Marrero-López, Domingo Pérez-Coll, Pedro Núñez Coello, Jesús Canales-Vázquez, Belén Ballesteros Pérez, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Artículo de Revisión para la revista “Anales de Química”, 2006, 102(4), 5-14.

Chemical synthesis of hybrid materials based on PAni and PEDOT with polyoxometalates for electrochemical supercapacitors. J. Vaillant, M. Lira-Cantu, K. Cuentas-Gallegos, N. Casañ-Pastor and P. Gómez-Romero. Progress in Solid State Chemistry, 2006, 34(2-4), 147-159.

Triple Hybrid Materials: A Novel Concept within the Field of Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Materials. A. K. Cuentas-Gallegos and P. Gomez-Romero. J. Power Sources, 2006, 161(1), 580-586.

Electrosynthesis of poly (N-vinyl carbazole)/carbon nanotubes composite for applications in the supercapacitors field. M. Baibarac, P. Gomez-Romero*, M. Lira-Cantu, N. Casañ-Pastor, N. Mestres, and S. Lefrant. European Polymer Journal, 2006, 42(10), 2302-2312.

Electrochemically Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes and their Application to Rechargeable Li Batteries. M. Baibarac, M. Lira-Cantú, J. Oró Solé, N. Casañ-Pastor and P. Gomez-Romero*. Small, 2006, 2(8-9), 1075-1082.

Poly(acrylonitrile)-molybdenum disulfide polymer electrolyte nanocomposite. M. A. Santa Ana, E. Benavente, P. Gomez-Romero, G. Gonzalez. J. Mat. Chem., 2006, 16, 3107-3113.


Recent Developments on Proton Conducting Poly(2,5-benzimidazole) ABPBI Membranes for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte. (Review Article). J. A. Asensio and P. Gómez-Romero. Fuel Cells, 2005, 5, 336-343.

Hybrid Nanocomposite Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion Applications. Pedro Gómez-Romero, Karina Cuentas-Gallegos, Mónica Lira-Cantú, Nieves Casañ-Pastor. Journal of Materials Science, 2005, 40, 1423-1428.

Hybrid Proton-Conducting Membranes for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells. Phosphoric Acid Doped Poly(2,5-benzimidazole) – H3PMo12O40 (ABPBI-PMo12). Pedro Gómez-Romero, Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós. Electrochimica Acta, 2005, 50(24), 4715-4720.

Electrochemical Deposition of Black Nickel Solar Absorber Coatings on Stainless Steel AISI316L for Thermal Solar Cells. M. Lira-Cantú, A. Morales-Sabio, P. Gomez-Romero and A. Brustenga. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2005, 87(1-4), 685-694.

Electronic Structure of Ag2Cu2O4. Evidence of Oxidized Silver and Copper and Internal Charge Delocalization. D. Muñoz-Rojas, G. Subías, J. Fraxedas, P. Gómez-Romero, N. Casañ-Pastor. Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109, 6193-6203.

Room temperature solid state transformation from Ag2Cu2O3 to Ag2Cu2O4 by Ozone Oxidation. D. Muñoz-Rojas, J. Fraxedas, P. Gómez-Romero, N. Casañ-Pastor. Solid State Chem. 2005, 178, 295-305.

Nanocomposite Hybrid Molecular Materials for application in solid state electrochemical supercapacitors. A. Karina Cuentas-Gallegos, Monica Lira-Cantú, Nieves Casañ-Pastor and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Adv. Funct. Mater., 2005, 15(7), 1125-33.

In-Situ Synthesis of Polypyrrole-MnO2 Nanocomposite Hybrids. A. K. Cuentas-Gallegos and P. Gómez-Romero. Journal of New Materials for Electrochemical Systems, 2005, 8(3), 181-188.

Micro-spectrometric investigations of inorganic components of the black corals for biomedical applications. D. Nowak, M. Florek, J. Nowak, W. Kwiatek, J. Lekki, E. Zieba, P. Gomez-Romero, B. Ben-Nissan, A. Kuczumow. Bioceramics Vol 17 Key Engineering Materials 2005, 17, 297-300.

Hybrid Materials, Functional Properties. From Maya Blue to 21st Century Materials. P. Gomez-Romero, C. Sanchez. New J. Chem., 2005, 29, 57-58.


Polyoxometalates: From inorganic chemistry to materials science. N. Casañ-Pastor, P. Gómez-Romero. Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark, 2004, 9, 1759-1770.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells based on Phosphoric Acid Impregnated Poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (ABPBI) Membranes. Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós  and Pedro Gómez-Romero. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2004, 151(2), A304-A310.

Electrochemical Oxidation of Ag and Cu in Basic Aqueous Media and in Fused Hydroxide Electrolytes. Eva M. Tejada-Rosales, Nieves Casañ-Pastor, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio, 2004, 43(2), 220-223.

Hybrid materials based on Vanadyl Phosphate and Conducting Polymers as Cathodes in Rechargeable Lithium Cells. A. Karina Cuentas-Gallegos, R. Vijayaraghavan, Mónica Lira-Cantú, Nieves Casañ-Pastor, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio, 2004, 43(2), 429-433. Boletin de la Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio

Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (ABPBI) and Phosphoric Acid Prepared by Direct Acid Casting. Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós, and Pedro Gómez-Romero.  J. Membrane Science 2004, 241, 89-93.

Sulfonated Poly(2,5-benzimidazole) (SABPBI) impregnated with phosphoric acid as Proton Conducting Membranes for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells. Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Electrochimica Acta, 2004, 49(25), 4461-4466.


Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Monoclinic Modification of Yb(ReO4)3(H2O)4. Carlos Mujica, Jaime Llanos, Pedro Gómez-Romero and Nieves Casañ-Pastor.  J. Solid State Chem. 2003, 172(1), 200-204.

Hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposite materials for application in solid state electrochemical supercapacitors. Pedro Gómez-Romero, Malgorzata Chojak, Karina Cuentas-Gallegos, Juan A. Asensio, Pawel Kulesza, Nieves Casañ-Pastor and Mónica Lira-Cantú. Electrochem. Commun. 2003, 5(2), 149-153.

Enhanced Conductivity in Polyanion-Containing Polybenzimidazoles. Improved materials for proton-exchange membranes and PEM Fuel Cells. Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Electrochem. Commun. 2003, 5(11), 967-972.


“Hybrid Materials”. (Review Article). P. Gomez-Romero, M. Lira-Cantú. Review for the Kirk-Othmer Enciclopedia of Chemical Technology, Wiley- Interscience, 2002.

Estudios de materiales de cátodos híbridos y ánodos vítreos. Caracterización en celdas de ion litio. K. Cuentas-Gallegos, M. Rosa Palacín, M.T. Colomer, J.R. Jurado, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio 2002, 41(1), 115-121.

Synthesis, Characterization and Electrical Properties of the Series of Oxides Ag5Pb2-xCuxO6 (0.0≤x≤0.5). Eva M. Tejada-Rosales, Judith Oró-Solé, Pedro Gómez-Romero. J. Solid State Chem. 2002, 163(1), 151-157.

Síntesis, estructura y propiedades de transporte de nuevos óxidos complejos de cobre, plata y plomo. Eva M. Tejada-Rosales, Judith Oró-Solé, Pedro Gómez-Romero. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio, 2002, 41(1), 59-64.

Electroquímica de Ag2Cu2O3 y síntesis de Ag2Cu2O4. David Muñoz-Rojas, Eva M. Tejada-Rosales, Pedro Gómez-Romero, Nieves Casañ-Pastor. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio, 2002, 41(1), 55-58.

Room-Temperature Synthesis and Crystal, Magnetic, and Electronic Structure of the First Silver Copper Oxide. Eva M. Tejada-Rosales, Juan Rodríguez-Carvajal, Nieves Casañ-Pastor, Pere Alemany, Eliseo Ruiz, Santiago Alvarez and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Inorg. Chem. 2002, 41(25), 6604-6613, Also published in   ChemInform, 2003, 34(8).

Proton-Conducting Polymers Based on Benzimidazoles and Sulfonated Benzimidazoles. Juan Antonio Asensio, Salvador Borrós, and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 2002, 40(21), 3703-3710.

Electrochemically induced reversible solid state transformations: electrosynthesis of Ag2Cu2O4 by room temperature oxidation of Ag2Cu2O3. D. Muñoz-Rojas, J. Oro, P. Gómez-Romero, J. Fraxedas, N. Casañ-Pastor. Electrochemistry Communications, 2002, 4(9), 684-689.

Structural study of electrochemically-synthesized Ag2Cu2O4. A novel oxide sensitive to irradiation. D. Munoz-Rojas, J. Fraxedas, J. Oró, P. Gómez-Romero, N. Casañ-Pastor. Crystal Engineering 2002, 5(3-4), 459-467.


Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Materials. In Search of Synergic Activity. (Review Article) Pedro Gomez-Romero. Adv. Mater, 2001, 13(3), 163-174.<163::AID-ADMA163>3.0.CO;2-U

Simultaneous neutron and X-ray refinement of the structure of Ag2Cu2O3, the first silver copper oxide. E. M. Tejada-Rosales, J. Rodriguez-Carvajal, M. R. Palacin, P. Gomez-Romero. Materials Science Forum 2001, 378-381, 606-610.

Structure refinement of samarium monothio oxide. Jaime Llanos, Carlos Mujica, Alicia Henríquez, Pedro Gómez-Romero, and Elies Molins. J. Alloys and Compounds, 2001, 316(1-2), 90-92.

Integration of Hexacyanoferrate as Active Species in a Molecular Hybrid Material. Transport Properties and Application of PAni/HCF as Cathode in Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. G-Torres-Gómez, E. M. Tejada-Rosales, P. Gómez-Romero. Chem. Mater. (Special Issue on Nanocomposite Materials), 2001, 13(10), 3693-3697.

Investigations on the Catalytic Activity of the First Silver Copper Oxide: Ag2Cu2O3. H. J. Wölk, U. Wild, G. Weinberg, N. Pfänder, P. Gomez-Romero, G. Mestl. Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 2001, 73(6), 667.<667::AID-CITE6671111>3.0.CO;2-8


Síntesis y Caracterización de Ag2Cu2O3, El primer óxido mixto de cobre y plata. E. M. Tejada-Rosales, M.R. Palacín, P. Gómez-Romero. Bol. Soc. Esp. Ceram. Vidrio, 2000, 39, 209-212.

Materiales híbridos moleculares orgánico-inorgánicos: síntesis y aplicación como electrodos en baterías recargables de litio. G. Torres-Gómez, M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero. Bol. Soc. Esp. Ceram. Vidrio, 2000, 39(3), 391-395.

Electrodos híbridos de Polianilina/V2O5 para el desarrollo de baterías plásticas de litio. M. Lira-Cantú, A. K. Cuentas-Gallegos, G. Torres-Gómez, P. Gómez-Romero. Bol. Soc. Esp. Ceram. Vidrio, 2000, 39, 386-390.

Energy Storage in Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Materials. Hexacyanoferrate-Doped Polypyrrole as Cathode in Rechargeable Lithium Cells. G.Torres-Gómez, S. Skaarup, K. West and P.Gómez-Romero. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2000, 147(7), 2513-2516.

Molecular Batteries. Harnessing Fe(CN)63- Electroactivity in Hybrid Polyaniline-Hexacyanoferrate Electrodes. P. Gómez-Romero and G.Torres-Gómez. Adv. Mater. 2000, 12(19), 1454-1456.<1454::AID-ADMA1454>3.0.CO;2-H

A New Structural Modification of Stannite.Una Nueva Modificación Estructural de la Estanita. Jaime Llanos, Myriam Tapia, Carlos Mujica, Judith Oró-Sole, and Pedro Gómez-Romero. Bol. Soc. Chil. Quím. 2000, 45, 605-609.


The Hybrid PAni/V2O5 Xerogel and its Performance as Cathode in Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero. J. New. Mater. Electrochem. Sys. 1999, 2, 141-144.

Molecular Hybrid Materials Based on Conducting Organic Polymers and Electroactive/Photoactive Inorganic Species. G. Torres-Gómez, M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero*. J. New. Mater. Electrochem. Sys. 1999, 2, 145-50.

The Polyaniline/V2O5 Improvements as insertion electrode in Lithium Batteries. M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero. Int. J. of Inorganic Materials 1999, 1(1), 111-116.

The Organic-Inorganic Polyaniline/V2O5 Application as a High-Capacity Hybrid Cathode for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1999, 146(6), 2029-2033.

Synthesis and Characterization of Intercalate Phases in the Organic-Inorganic Polyaniline/V2O5. M. Lira-Cantú, P. Gómez-Romero. J. Solid State Chem., 1999, 147(2), 601-608.

Ag2Cu2O3: The First Silver-Copper Oxide. P. Gómez-Romero, E. Tejada-Rosales, M.R. Palacín. Angew. Chem. 1999, 111, 544-546, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1999, 38(4), 524-525.<524::AID-ANIE524>3.0.CO;2-F


Advanced Nanomaterials Synthesis and Fabrication

We reliably synthesize different nanostructures of inorganic, organic and hybrid materials (nano-composites) using our long experience in inorganic chemistry, solid state “soft-chemistry“, polymers, materials chemistry and electrochemistry for the development of materials and devices for various energy storage and conversion applications. We have developed a set of synthetic and chemical fabrication techniques to obtain designed nanostructured materials with composition, particle size and shape control.

New Scheme or Adv